Treating fibromyalgia is one of the biggest medical challenges in current medicine. At present, it is unknown what causes this disease. Therefore, it is a great challenge to find a treatment that works. In this article you will get treatment tips you need to know about fibromyalgia.
What we do know is that it causes great inconvenience to those who suffer from it. Fibromyalgia is characterized by causing general and chronic pain, especially musculoskeletal.
So far, science has been able to determine that it is of rheumatological origin. It has also been found that pain from this disorder is caused by a neurotransmitter imbalance. But all that is really clear about fibromyalgia treatment is that it must involve several forms of treatment.
General aspects of fibromyalgia
Fibromyalgia is a disease that sometimes severely disables a person. The most difficult to endure is the pain or “myalgia”, which is more intense and longer than normal pain. It is also diffuse and affects different parts of the body at the same time.
There are great difficulties in diagnosing fibromyalgia. Until now, there is no laboratory test that makes it possible to identify it. What doctors usually rely on to diagnose the disease is clinical research of the patient at 18 body pressure points.
The following symptoms are important to consider:
- Sleep disorders
- Cognitive impairment
- Depression and anxiety
- Gastrointestinal diseases
Specialists have classified fibromyalgia into four types to facilitate treatment with fibromyalgia:
- In: No concomitant disease present
- II: When rheumatic and autoimmune diseases are present simultaneously
- III: severe psychopathological changes present
- IV: corresponds to patients who appear to have it
This is fibromyalgia treatment
Fibromyalgia treatment does not currently have a healing purpose, it only alleviates. In other words, the ultimate goal is simply to reduce the symptoms. It allows the patient to maintain normal function and the best quality of life as possible.
And many experts recommend short-term cognitive behavioral psychotherapy.
Fibromyalgia Treatment for fibromyalgia also requires different action plans. Basically, these three aspects are worth considering:
- Pain management
- Increasing functionality
- Psychosocial condition of the patient
One of the most crucial elements of treatment is educating the patient. Without the full and conscious cooperation of the patient, it is virtually impossible for any treatment to actually perform its work. Moreover, the more committed the patient is to treatment, the greater their chances of improving the condition.
Pharmacological Fibromyalgia Treatment
Fibromyalgia treatment includes a pharmacological component. In this case, doctors use a dose of analgesics and / or anti-inflammatory drugs. The medication they usually prescribe is Tramadol, Paracetamol or both.
NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) are not as effective in treating pain. They are generally prescribed as a complementary measure and almost always in the short term.
Other unusual types of medication include benzodiazepines, muscle relaxants, anti-seizure medications, antidepressants and steroids. Self-medication is also very dangerous in this case and the effectiveness of the medications is limited.
Frequent physical activity is an essential component in the treatment of fibromyalgia. It not only benefits the patient’s physical capacity, but it also helps to reduce the symptoms in a short time.
Exercise and practice of sports must suit the needs of each individual person. It is up to the doctor to recommend these methods, which should be increased gradually. The best kind of exercise would be aerobic exercises, as it in particular contributes to an overall better performance of the body.
Swimming and other forms of hydrotherapy and hydro gymnastics have been shown to have very positive effects for patients with fibromyalgia. Relaxing techniques such as Tai-Chi and yoga are also recommended.
Psychotherapy and other effective measures
Of course, during fibromyalgia treatment it is very important for patients to develop a constructive attitude towards their disease. It is also very common for those who suffer from this disorder to be irritable. They may fall into strong episodes of grief or depression. Therefore, these symptoms worsen.
Experts recommend cognitive behavioral therapy to counteract these effects.
Basically, this will allow the patient not to allow fibromyalgia to isolate them or become a factor affecting their interpersonal relationships.
Finally , some patients have reported improvement after treatment with acupuncture, chiropractic treatment, and homeotherapy.
Those who decide to make use of these methods should first make sure that they receive advice from a licensed physician.