Everything You Should Know About Bleeding Gums

To prevent bleeding gums, it is important to take good care of your oral hygiene and that you go to the dentist regularly. Read on to learn more!
Everything you need to know about bleeding gums

Almost everyone has seen their gums soften at least once while brushing their teeth. In fact, most people think that it is typically due to toothbrushing or that it is temporary. However, this is not normal. Bleeding gums are a symptom you should keep a close eye on  as it can be an early sign of gum disease.

Even if it only occurs sporadically, you should not ignore it. In this article, we will explain what bleeding gums are and what the causes and symptoms are.

Bleeding gums

Bleeding gums are  a sign of inflammation of the gums. It is often accompanied by redness and it can be a sign of gum disease, even if it only occurs during toothbrushing. For example, both gingivitis and periodontitis can cause it.


This is a very common disorder of the gums. Although not as serious, it can end up leading to periodontitis. This condition irritates the gums and makes it inflamed, making it red and swollen. It especially affects the roots of the teeth.

Gingivitis usually develops due to poor oral hygiene. It is therefore necessary to get good habits associated with oral hygiene to avoid it. Dentists also recommend brushing teeth twice a day and flossing daily. One should also go to the dentist regularly.

Woman with bleeding gums


This is a serious inflammation of the gums, which gradually destroys the bone that supports the teeth. It can therefore cause your teeth to fall out. It is a relatively common disease.

Periodontitis has also been linked to poor oral hygiene. Professionals also identify other risk factors. Several studies actually link tobacco consumption with a higher risk of periodontitis.

Other reasons

However, it is also important to know that bleeding gums can be caused by other situations. Brushing your teeth too hard, using a new toothbrush, starting to floss and certain types of medications can also cause bleeding gums.

What causes bleeding gums?

In the mouth live many bacteria, which persistently form a sticky “biofilm” that settles on the teeth. This biofilm is caused by mucus and food debris.

You can remove this biofilm with appropriate toothbrushing and flossing. If you do not do it properly, it  hardens and over time plaque forms, which accumulates around and between your teeth. This causes the gums to become irritated, inflamed and soft.

Woman brushes teeth

Brushing your teeth every day helps prevent the formation of bacterial plaque, which causes tartar and other problems in the mouth.

How to avoid bleeding gums

The first thing you need to do is  go to a dentist to have your teeth checked. Your dentist will also clean your teeth properly to remove tartar and recommend the best treatment for you.

Whatever the cause of bleeding gums, there are some simple steps you can follow to avoid or reduce this disorder. You should follow these tips daily, even if you do not suffer from a gum disorder:

  • Brush your teeth every day. In fact, try to do it two to three times a day. You should ideally do this gently for at least two minutes. Try to focus on areas that are difficult to reach with your toothbrush.
  • Some experts recommend using electric toothbrushes. It is better if your toothbrush has soft, round bristles. Be careful when brushing the edge of your gums.
  • Floss every day. This will help prevent the formation of plaque on your teeth. Likewise, you should use mouthwash.
  • As we mentioned above,  be sure to go to the dentist regularly. Ideally, you should do this every six months.
  • Stop smoking and avoid alcohol.

In addition  , you should pay special attention to your diet. You should eat lots of fruits and vegetables as they will provide you with all the vitamins your teeth and gums need to be healthy. Also, avoid foods rich in sugar as they can damage your teeth.


Bleeding gums can be a sign of a gum disease. Therefore, if you suffer from this condition, you should go to a dentist as soon as possible. Also, try to maintain proper oral hygiene to prevent this disorder.

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